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FULLSCREEN QTVR FEATURE > ARCHIVE 2005
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TEXT ARCHIVE


THE FULL SCREEN ARCHIVE
2005 May week 17 - 21

2005 - May 30
Yokohama by Night from Landmark Tower

Photo © Takashi Sugiura

Yokohama is the third largest town in Japan, with a population of3.27 million.
Yokohama is situated only 30 minutes by car or train from Tokyo.

Yokohama dates back to the 11th century but it was first when the port was opened in 1859 that the town started to grow.

On September 1st, 1923 The Great Kanto Earthquake totally destroyed Yokohama. 20,000 dead and and 60,000 houses were destroyed

Still Yokohama had almost completely been rebuilt by 1929.

Again in 1945 the city was burnt to the ground by the US bombings.

In one air raid on May 29, 42 percent of the city area was burnt to ashes. 14,157 died, were injured or missing, 79,017 houses were destroyed.

The Lanmark Tower from which Takashi Sugiura made the panorama is the tallest building in Japan,296 m / 972 ft.

Links:

City of Yokohama
Landmark Tower

2005 - May 28
Fleet Week in New York City

Photo © Jook Leung

New York May 27 2005

The coming week is Fleet Week in New York.

US Navy and navy ships from other countries will be visiting New York.

As the USS John F. Kennedy (CV 67) passes the World Trade Center her sailors and embarked Marine Expeditionary Unit 2-4 Man the Rails in the traditional Naval show of respect.

This visit to New York is the first for the Kennedy since the attacks of September 11, 2001. The last time the USS Kennedy passed the World Trade Center was in May 2001 for Fleet Week 2001.


2005 - May 22
Easter Celebration in Corfu Greece

Photo © Nikos Pachtas www.din.gr

Nikos Pachtas is a designer and photographer from Thessaloniki Greece. The panorama was made in connection with a large pano project about Corfu.

Nikos writes:

The celebration of Greek Orthodox Easter in the Island Corfu is a unique experience, particularly impressive for anyone who visits this beautiful island. It is a huge festival, in which various components come together harmoniously, the Orthodox Christian faith, pagan traditions, customs and tradition that started centuries ago, the Venetian influence, the music of the numberus philharmonic bands of the island and genuine Corfiot humor.

The most famous tradition is taking place all over the Island, in the Holy Saturday at 11 a.m. when the first bell of the First Resurrection is heard. At that time local people throw pots out of their windows, smashing them onto the streets below. Those special made ceramic pots, called "botides" can be more than 1 meter tall and they are filled with water to make a louder crash. The noisy custom lasts for 3-5 minutes and is watched by thousands of people, mostly tourists, as Corfu is the most popular destination in Greece for Easter holidays.

There are different theories about the origin and the explanation of this custom. The first explanation for the custom has a religious meaning, as a representation of the Evangelic books that refers to the resurrection of Jesus Christ with the words: "Resurrect o Lord and crush them as ceramic utensils". The second explanation gives to the custom a Venetian origin, as Venetians ruled the Island in 15th and 16th century : it is a variation of an old Venetian custom of new years eve, where they used to through old stuff from the window, so that the new year will bring then new ones. And the third one gives it a pagan provenance, as Easter time is the time when nature starts its new year and re-awakens after winter.

Links:
corfuney.com Easter Celebrations

Corfu, Greece, Discover the island


2005 - May 6
Guernica memorial ceremony

Photo © Inaki Rezola

Peace ceremony © William Kelly, Gernika Peace Museum Foundation, Gernika Gogoratuz Foundation & Culture House of Gernika, Gernika-Lumo Town Council.

Guernica in Gernika

Photo © Inaki Rezola

Opening of the the V International PEACE MUSEUM CONFERENCE

Most people associate Guernica with the painting by Picasso which has become one of the worlds most known antiwar symbols and also a symbol for Basque nationalism.

Guernica the small Spanish town in the Basque province was bombed by the German Luftwaffe Condor Legion April 26, 1937, during the Spanish Civil War.

The bombing is said to be the first aerial bombardment in history in which a civilian population was attacked deliberatly to cause terror and to crush the moral. In 1935 German General Erich Ludendorff published Die Totale Krieg (The Total War) in which he introduced his views that civilians and soldiers where all targets in a war.
His ideas interrested Hitler but he needed to test them.

During the Nuremberg Trials, Hermann Göring declared: "The Spanish Civil War gave me an opportunity to put my young air force to the test, and a means for my men to gain experience."

The attack on Guernica was not one but a series of attacks performed by Italian and German forces who supported Franco in his war against the Republican government.

The bombing was performed on market day when the town was crowded with people not just the small population of 5000 people but also many from the surrounding countryside.

After more than 3 hours of of bombardment the whole town was on fire. Only a few buildings survived. How many people died is still not known. The official number says around 1,650 mostly old people, women, and children.

Guernica has a Peace Museum and in 2005 the V International PEACE MUSEUM CONFERENCE is held in Guernica.

The panorama was made at a special opening ceremony May 1 by the American-Australian artist  William Kelly

The place is the 'Foru' Square where Gernika's Peace Museum is located.


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